Frequently Asked Questions about the European Federalist Papers

  1. About the authors of the European Federalist Papers

Who are the authors of the European Federalist Papers?

Leo Klinkers, PhD, is consultant in public administration, with a background in constitutional law. As co-founder of the Dutch Association of Public Administration and as member of the International Institute of Administrative Sciences (IIAS, Brussels) and co-founder of the International Association of Schools and Institutes of Administration (IASIA, Brussels) he contributed to establishing schools of public administration in vocational and academic institutes. He left the State University of Utrecht in 1983 to continue his career as independent consultant for Governments and NGO’s in a variety of countries. He is co-author of the European Federalist Papers and co-founder of the Strong Learning Academy.

Herbert Tombeur (1949) graduated in 1972 as a master in law at the University of Leuven (KUL, Belgium). In 1998 he became ‘master in European politics, cultures & societies’ at the Brussels University with the thesis ‘Living apart together – the Belgian intergovernmental cooperation in the domains of environment and economy’ (published in: ‘Public Policy and Federalism’, ed. D. Braun, Ashgate, 2000). After working for three years in an insurance company, he was, from 1977 until 1983, an officer in the Belgian Ministry for Foreign Affairs, first in the Direction for Nobility and Heraldry, later in the Legal Service as an adviser in national and international law. In 1983, he left this federal Ministry for the Flemish Authorities. In the Services of the Flemish Govern- ment, he worked until 1993 as a legal adviser and counsel in lawsuits, especially in the field of constitutional and administrative law. In 1994, he joins the new Flemish Department of Foreign Affairs, in which he worked until March 2013 as a political and legal adviser and as an intrafederal and international negotiator. As from March 2013 he is working as a consultant in public administration and legal matters. From 1989 on, he publishes abstracts in political and legal journals, recently about federalism, the Belgian federation, Belgian constitutional law, the European Union and foreign policy. Since 1996 he is a lecturer and a monitor of workshops about the same subjects, commissioned by training institutes in Belgium and the Netherlands. See for more

Why did you write these European Federalist Papers?

To correct the mistake made by Jean Monnet and Robert Schuman in 1950. Rather than creating a Federation out of and by the Citizens they opted for a Federation of Nation States, in which the government leaders, with their nation-driven agendas, became dominant. Monnet and Schuman should have endured, together with Spinelli, the same thinking and acting process as has been followed by the founding fathers in America: a federal Convention which transformed the wisdoms of European philosophers into a federal Constitution. If they had done so, they would not have chosen the wrong method in 1950 to try and establish a Federation through a Treaty by nation states. Once again: in 1950 it surely was their aim to create a Federation but due to that systemic error it never happened, and it will never happen in the future. It has even been a taboo, year after year, to talk about federalization. When members of the European Commission finally began to pronounce the F-word in the course of 2012, due to the banking and economic crisis, we found that the time was right to do what Monnet, Schuman and Spinelli in 1950 unfortunately had not done and what was criticized by Robert Levine in the New York Times in 1999: ‘Europe needs its own version of the Federalist Papers’.

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